Vaginal infections are the most common gynecological diseases in women in their reproductive age. There is no woman who has not had a vaginal infection at least once in her lifetime. Every woman has to take care of herself and her health. Regular gynecological examinations, adequate personal hygiene and protection during sexual intercourse are required. Vaginal infections can often occur without any symptoms. If they are not treated in time, they can lead to serious complications.
Types of vaginal infections
Bacterial infection (bacterial vaginosis) is caused by an increased amount of pathogenic bacteria. Pathogenic bacteria are bacteria that are normally present on a woman’s body both in the vagina and do not cause infection when the woman is healthy. Bacterial vaginosis occurs when a woman’s local immunity weakens due to increased amounts of pathogenic bacteria.
Fungal infection (genital candidiasis)is a vaginal and vulvar infection caused by Candida albicans. Candida normally lives inside the body. Sometimes Candida can multiply and cause infection if the environment inside the vagina changes in a way that stimulates its growth.
Viral infection (HPV, genital herpes) (HPV, genitalni herpes) s a sexually transmitted infection that may be caused by HPV, which most often leads to the appearance of condyloma (genital warts) and later in a woman’s life to the appearance of cervical cancer.
Parasitic infections (trichomoniasis) are also sexually transmitted infections. Inflammation of the vagina, cervix and / or bladder is caused by a parasite called trichomonas.
What are the symptoms of different vaginal infections?
The symptoms of vaginal infection vary. It’s not always easy to figure out
what kind of infection there is. Every woman must know how to recognize and respond to changes in vaginal discharges in time. It should also be preventive and prevent vaginal infection from occurring. Below you can learn more about the symptoms of vaginal infection. If you have these symptoms, consult your doctor immediately and have no sexual intercourse until you determine if you have a vaginal infection.
Bacterial infection (bacterial vaginosis)
If you have abundant off-white, gray or greenish vaginal discharge (fluid) that smells “fishy” you may have a bacterial infection. “Fishy” smell is the strongest after sex or during menstrual cycles. Rarely, with an itchy or a sore vagina.
Fungal infection (genital candidiasis)
The main symptom of this vaginal infection is swelling and redness of the vagina and vulva, which is followed by irritation, tenderness and tingling, and pain during sexual intercourse and urination in untreated long-term infections. The vagina and vulva are swollen and red, and there may be sores and cracks. Vaginal discharge is abundant, creamy and white (cottage cheese-like consistency or appearance, odorless).
The viral infection s accompanied by dark urine with an unpleasant odor, changes in the skin and mucous membranes of the genital region in the form of sores, warts or blisters, itching, redness or rash in the genital area, a feeling of milder or stronger burning when urinating, etc.
Parasitic infections (trichomoniasis)
The secretion is usually yellow to green in color. It is accompanied by an unpleasant odor, tingling and pain when urinating, bleeding and itching after sexual intercourse.
What are the main causes of vaginal infections?
One of the most common causes of vaginal infection is a vaginal flora imbalance. The imbalance in the vaginal flora is due to a reduction in the number of good bacteria (lactobacilli) in the vaginal flora. When the number of good bacteria in the vaginal flora decreases, the number of bad bacteria and fungi increases sharply, causing vaginal infection. Vaginal flora imbalance may occur for a number of reasons. Overuse of antibiotics, excessive hygiene, hormonal changes, use of personal hygiene products, use of condoms, laundry detergents, fabric softeners, synthetic underwear, daily use of pads, diabetes, etc. are the most common reasons leading to imbalances in the vaginal flora.
Different causes lead to different vaginal infections.
The causes of this vaginal infection may include overuse of antibiotics, inadequate hygiene, excessive hygiene, use of too strong soaps and perfume pads, unprotected sexual intercourse and hormonal imbalance. Bacterial infection occurs most often in women who have multiple sexual partners or have a new partner.
Fungal infection (genital candidiasis)
appears when immunity decreases due to stress, during pregnancy, after uncontrolled use of antibiotics, diabetes, frequent sexual intercourse, vaginal acidity disorders, synthetic underwear, swimming pool, tight clothing, nylon underwear etc.
Viruses that cause sexually transmitted diseases penetrate the body primarily through the mucous membranes: vagina, urethra, anus and oral cavity. Sexual contact is the main and most common, but not the only way to spread sexually transmitted infections.
It is sexually transmitted, but it is possible to get an infection in the pool, using a shared toilet, infected laundry, etc.
Can you get an infection from antibiotics?
The use of antibiotics destroys harmful bacteria that cause the infection, but also “good” bacteria that are normally present in the vaginal flora, which, after a very short period of time, leads to the re-emergence of the infection. Normal vaginal flora is of great importance for a woman’s complete health and provides natural protection against vaginal infections. Vaginal flora consists of “good” bacteria-lactobacilli, which prevent the growth and reproduction of harmful microorganisms and thus prevent the development of vaginal infections.
How are vaginal infections treated?
Antibiotics and antimycotics are recommended in the treatment of vaginal
infections. It is important that they destroy pathogens but do not affect the increase in lactobacilli in the vagina. Therefore, an infection may recur after some time. In order to prevent the recurrence of the infection, it is necessary to compensate for lactobacilli with a vaginal probiotic – FemmaBiotic. You should also live a healthy lifestyle, including a healthy diet, responsible sex, regular gynecological examinations and self-examination, and listening to your body.
What is a vaginal probiotic?
Vaginal probiotics are living microorganisms that, when used in an adequate amount, have beneficial effects on women’s health and are used to prevent the onset and recurrence of vaginal infections. Vaginal probiotics help to restore vaginal flora and improve local vaginal immunity. The use of probiotics has a positive effect on human health and enhances immunity. Thus, if the digestive system is healthy, the whole body will be healthy. Improving intestinal immunity raises systemic immunity and therefore the role of probiotics is very important for enhancing immunity, both locally and systemically.
Why FemmaBiotic is the best vaginal probiotic?
FemmaBiotic is specially formulated and adapted to women of all ages in our territories. FemmaBiotic restores the vagina flora, increases the number of lactobacilli, regulates the vagina PH and prevents the creation of vaginal and urinary infections. Taking FemmaBiotic immediately after antibiotic therapy is the ideal solution because it restores the vaginal flora and prevents re-infection.
Consequences of not treating vaginal infections
Untreated infections may lead to serious complications. Untreated vaginal infections may also lead to sterility. Untreated bacterial vaginosis can lead to infertility, pelvic inflammatory disease, or ectopic pregnancy and to premature labour.