Everything You Need to Know About Menstruation

What is menstruation?

All you need to know about menstruation is a text intended for all girls and women of all ages and ages Every month, a woman’s body prepares for pregnancy. If pregnancy doesn’t happen, menstrual bleeding (menstruation) occurs. Menstruation is a normal vaginal bleeding that occurs once a month. Menstruation is a normal vaginal bleeding that occurs once a month. Menstruation occurs due to hormonal changes in the body, which cause thickening of the lining of your uterus, in order to be ready to receive the fertilized egg from which the baby grows. If no pregnancy occurs, the uterus, or womb, sheds its lining and the blood flows out of your body through your vagina.

When does first menstruation start?

Every woman is different and every woman will get menstruation in a different period. In most cases, menstruation starts between the ages of 10 and 15.

How many days is a normal period?

The average woman’s period lasts between four and six days. Menstrual bleeding is abundant during the first two days, but then decreases. Blood doesn’t flow continuously, but at irregular intervals and breaks.

How many days is a normal menstrual cycle?

The menstrual cycle is calculated from the first day of your period to the day before your next period starts. Every woman’s menstrual cycle is different. The average length of the menstrual cycle should be 28 days. This means that the woman bleeds every 28 days. The average length of the menstrual cycle is between 20 and 35 days. It is best to keep track of how many days you menstruate each month in order to determine the average duration of your menstrual cycle.

What color of menstrual blood is normal?

During the first two days, when menstrual bleeding is most intense, the blood is red. However, sometimes at the beginning and of the end of the menstrual cycle, it can be dark brown and pink.

What is premenstrual syndrome (PMS)?

The premenstrual syndrome occurs after ovulation and lasts until the next menstruation. During this period, various physical and emotional disorders occur, such as frequent mood swings, emotional instability, tiredness,… In some women, these symptoms can be very intense. In this case it is best to consult your gynecologist about possible medication use to alleviate PMS symptoms.

What are the symptoms of menstruation?

The symptoms of menstruation vary in most women. Additional symptoms include: abdominal or pelvic cramps, headache, bloating, breast enlargement,…

How to get rid of menstrual cramps?

One of the most common symptoms of menstruation are menstrual cramps. Menstrual cramps in the abdomen occur due to the contraction of the uterus, which sheds its lining. There are several ways to get rid of menstrual cramps: by exercising; by running; by sleeping; putting a heating pad; taking a medication;

What are the stages of the menstrual cycle?

Menstrual phase From the 1st to the 5th day of the menstrual cycle: during this period, the uterus sheds its lining and the blood flows out of your body through your vagina. Basal body temperature is at its lowest level. The abdominal cramps are present.

Follicular phase
From the 6th to the 13th day of the menstrual cycle: this phase starts after menstrual bleeding and lasts until ovulation. During this period, new uterus lining is created. The new lining gradually thickens and becomes more and more circulating in order to prepare the conditions for the implantation of the fertilized egg cell – the embryo. The vaginal discharge during this period becomes wet, whitish, and sticky. During this period, it is possible to get pregnant even if there is still time until ovulation because sperm can survive up to 5 days in a woman’s body.

Ovulation phase
Day 14 of the menstrual cycle: After ovulation, the basal body temperature rises sharply and remains elevated until the next menstruation. The basal body temperature decreases 1 day before menstruation. If pregnancy happens during the ovulation process, the basal body temperature will remain elevated and this will be one of the first signs of pregnancy.

Luteal phase
5th to 22nd day of the menstrual cycle: After ovulation, hormones continue to maintain a thickened layer on the inner wall of the uterus. 22nd to 24th day of the menstrual cycle: Progesterone is at its highest level. Day 25 of the menstrual cycle: If pregnancy doesn’t happen, the drop in progesterone causes the shedding of the lining of the uterus. But if pregnancy did happen progesterone levels remain elevated. Day 28 of the menstrual cycle: Progesterone drops sharply, causing a sudden drop in basal body temperature. If you are not pregnant, you can expect menstruation the next day. If you are pregnant, high levels of progesterone keep the basal body temperature elevated.

Menstrual hygiene
Women are significantly more sensitive and prone to vaginal infections during menstruation due to changes in the pH balance of the vulva. Here are some tips to help you successfully avoid vaginal infections every month. for intimate treatment just use sensitive (non perfumed) gels and lukewarm water; always wear only cotton underwear and change it every
day; use only cotton pads and change them every 2 hours, or more often depending on menstrual bleeding; avoid tight synthetic clothing; consume a vaginal probiotic to increase the number of good lactobacilli bacteria in your vaginal flora and thus prevent the occurrence of vaginal infections.

Use of vaginal probiotics during menstruation

As mentioned earlier, women are significantly more sensitive and prone to vaginal infections during menstruation due to the changed pH balance of the vaginal flora. The use of vaginal probiotics during menstruation has a positive effect on vaginal health and prevents the development of vaginal infections after menstruation. The benefit of FemmaBiotic is that FemmaBiotic is taken orally, and is completely safe for women of all ages, and has no side effects. Learn more about vaginal infections here.